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MPG.PuRe
Article . 2015
Data sources: MPG.PuRe
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Article . 2015 . Peer-reviewed
Data sources: Crossref
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Adjustments in the Forcing-Feedback Framework for Understanding Climate Change

Authors: Sherwood, Steven C.; Bony, Sandrine; Boucher, Olivier; Bretherton, Chris; Forster, Piers M.; Gregory, Jonathan M.; Stevens, Bjorn;

Adjustments in the Forcing-Feedback Framework for Understanding Climate Change

Abstract

Abstract The traditional forcing–feedback framework has provided an indispensable basis for discussing global climate changes. However, as analysis of model behavior has become more detailed, shortcomings and ambiguities in the framework have become more evident, and physical effects unaccounted for by the traditional framework have become interesting. In particular, the new concept of adjustments, which are responses to forcings that are not mediated by the global-mean temperature, has emerged. This concept, related to the older ones of climate efficacy and stratospheric adjustment, is a more physical way of capturing unique responses to specific forcings. We present a pedagogical review of the adjustment concept, why it is important, and how it can be used. The concept is particularly useful for aerosols, where it helps to organize what has become a complex array of forcing mechanisms. It also helps clarify issues around cloud and hydrological response, transient versus equilibrium climate change, and geoengineering.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Forcing (recursion theory) Meteorology Global climate business.industry Computer science Climate change Cloud computing Climatology business

Keywords

Atmospheric Science

40 references, page 1 of 4

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Andrews, T., and P. M. Forster, 2008: CO2 forcing induces semi-direct effects with consequences for climate feedback interpretations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L04802, doi:10.1029/2007GL032273.

-, -, O. Boucher, N. Bellouin, and A. Jones, 2010: Precipitation, radiative forcing and global temperature change. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L14701, doi:10.1029/2010GL043991. [OpenAIRE]

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    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 1%
    influence
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    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
views
OpenAIRE UsageCountsViews provided by UsageCounts
downloads
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199
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45
708
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Funded by
EC| EUCLIPSE
Project
EUCLIPSE
EU Cloud Intercomparison, Process Study and Evaluation Project
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 244067
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP1 | ENV
,
UKRI| SANDPIT: Integrated Assessment of Geoengineering Proposals (IAGP)
Project
  • Funder: UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)
  • Project Code: EP/I014721/1
  • Funding stream: EPSRC
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