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Preprint . 2018
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The geography of the Anthropocene differs between the land and the sea

Authors: Diana E. Bowler; Anne D. Bjorkman; Maria Dornelas; Isla H. Myers-Smith; Laetitia M. Navarro; Aidin Niamir; Sarah R. Supp; +14 Authors

The geography of the Anthropocene differs between the land and the sea

Abstract

AbstractClimate change and other anthropogenic drivers of biodiversity change are unequally distributed across the world. The geographic patterns of different drivers, and the spatial overlap among these drivers, have important implications for the direction and pace of biodiversity change, yet are not well documented. Moreover, it is unknown if the geographic patterns of drivers differ between the terrestrial and marine realm, as expected due to marked differences in how humans interact with the land and ocean.We compiled global gridded datasets on climate change, land-use, resource exploitation, pollution, species invasions, and human population density. We used multivariate statistics to examine the spatial relationships among the datasets and to characterize the typical combinations of drivers experienced by different parts of the world.We found stronger positive correlations among drivers in the terrestrial than in the marine realm, leading to areas of high intensities of multiple drivers on land. Climate change tended to be negatively correlated with other drivers in the terrestrial realm (e.g., in the tundra and boreal forest with high climate change but low human use and pollution) whereas the opposite was true in the marine realm (e.g., in the Indo-Pacific with high climate change and high fishing).We show that different regions of the world can be defined by anthropogenic threat complexes (ATCs), distinguished by different sets of drivers with varying intensities. The ATCs can be used to test hypothesis about the pattern of biodiversity change, especially the joint effects of multiple drivers. More generally, our global analysis highlights the broad conservation priorities needed to mitigate the effects of anthropogenic change on biodiversity responses, with different priorities emerging on land and in the ocean, and in different parts of the world.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: business.industry Fishing Taiga Environmental resource management Biodiversity Climate change Population density Tundra Geography Realm business Exploitation of natural resources

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    14
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
14
Top 10%
Average
Top 10%
Funded byView all
EC| BIOTIME
Project
BIOTIME
Biological diversity in an inconstant world: temporal turnover in modified ecosystems
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 250189
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP2 | ERC
,
EC| ERA-PLANET
Project
ERA-PLANET
The European network for observing our changing planet
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 689443
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERA-NET-Cofund
Validated by funder | sysimport:crosswalk:repository
,
EC| BioCHANGE
Project
BioCHANGE
Biodiversity Change: an open access data resource supporting societal responses to the biodiversity crisis
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 727440
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-POC
iis
,
NSF| NSF Postdoctoral Fellowship in Biology for FY 2014
Project
  • Funder: National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Project Code: 1400911
  • Funding stream: Directorate for Biological Sciences | Division of Biological Infrastructure
iis
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Sustainable Development Solutions Network - Greece
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