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Priority knowledge needs for implementing nature-based solutions in the Mediterranean islands

Authors: Miriam Grace; Mario V. Balzan; Marcus Collier; Davide Geneletti; Judita Tomaskinova; Ruben Abela; Duncan Borg; +17 Authors

Priority knowledge needs for implementing nature-based solutions in the Mediterranean islands

Abstract

Abstract Mediterranean islands face significant environmental challenges due to their high population density, reliance on imports, and water scarcity, exacerbated by increasing risks from climate change. Nature-based solutions (NbS) could address these challenges sustainably and with multiple benefits, but their uptake in policy and planning is limited, and stakeholder perspectives are conspicuously lacking from current research. Here, we report the results of a collaborative, multi-stakeholder exercise to identify priority knowledge needs (KNs) that could enhance the uptake of NbS in Mediterranean islands. We used a well-established iterative prioritisation method based on a modified Delphi process. This was conducted by the authors, environmental policy and practice stakeholders from across the Mediterranean islands, representing business, government, NGOs and research. We developed a long list of potential KNs through individual submissions, and prioritised them through voting, discussion and scoring. Excepting workshop discussion, all individual contributions were anonymous. We present the 47 resulting KNs in rank order, classified by whether they can be addressed by knowledge synthesis and further research, or demand action in policy and practice. The top priority KNs are i) a more precise definition of NbS, ii) which NbS are adapted to dry Mediterranean conditions? iii) how to increase the adoption and use of NbS in urban plans?, iv) how can buildings and built-up areas be modified to accommodate green infrastructure and v) cost-benefit analysis of urban green spaces. In collaboration with these stakeholders, our findings will determine future research strategies on NbS implementation in the Mediterranean islands.

Countries
Italy, United Kingdom, Ireland
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Voting media_common Stakeholder Green infrastructure Process (engineering) media_common.quotation_subject Water scarcity Environmental planning Government Sustainability Business Mediterranean Islands

Keywords

Geography, Planning and Development, Mediterranean islands, Mediterranean, Knowledge needs, Stakeholder, stakeholder, Environmental management; Mediterranean islands; Nature-based solutions; Stakeholder consultation, Coastal Environmental Change, Green infrastructure, MEDITERRANEAN, Policy, Sustainability, Environmental management, Climate Change, Environment and housing, Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law, Stakeholder consultation, Smart & Sustainable Planet, Ecosystem services, KNOWLEDGE, Resilience, Malta, Nature-based enterprise, stakeholder engagement, Nature-based solutions

66 references, page 1 of 7

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Albert, C., Schro¨ter, B., Haase, D., Brillinger, M., Henze, J., Herrmann, S., Gottwald, S., Guerrero, P., Nicolas, C., Matzdorf, B., 2019. Addressing societal challenges through nature-based solutions: How can landscape planning and governance research contribute? Landsc. Urban Plan. 182, 12-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. landurbplan.2018.10.003.

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Bowler, D., Buyung-Ali, L., Knight, T., Pullin, a S., 2010. How effective is 'greening' of urban areas in reducing human exposure to ground level ozone concentrations, UV exposure and the 'urban heat island effect'? Environ. Evid. CEE review.

Bunting, S.W., 2008. Horizontally integrated aquaculture development: exploring consensus on constraints and opportunities with a stakeholder Delphi. Aquac. Int. 16, 153-169. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-007-9134-x.

Burgman, M.A., McBride, M., Ashton, R., Speirs-Bridge, A., Flander, L., Wintle, B., Fidler, F., Rumpff, L., Twardy, C., 2011. Expert status and performance. PLoS One 6. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022998.

Carvell, C., Isaac, N.J.B., Jitlal, M., Peyton, J., Powney, G.D., Roy, D.B., Vanbergen, A.J., O'Connor, R.S., Jones, C.M., Kunin, W.E., Breeze, T.D., Garratt, M.P.D., Potts, S.G., Harvey, M., Ansine, J., Comont, R.F., Lee, P., Edwards, M., Ro, H.E., 2016. Design and testing of a national pollinator and pollination monitoring framework summary of content of technical annexes a - e. Full Annexes Will Be Embargoed for up To 6 Months to Allow Time for Submission for Publication in Peer-Reviewed Journals. [OpenAIRE]

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    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
views
OpenAIRE UsageCountsViews provided by UsageCounts
downloads
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27
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48
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