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ITE

Instituto Tecnológico de la Energía
Country: Spain
11 Projects, page 1 of 3
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 606071
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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 284953
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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 248119
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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 101017899
    Overall Budget: 3,744,190 EURFunder Contribution: 3,744,190 EUR

    WatchPlant will develop a new biohybrid system technology, a wireless wearable self-powered sensor for in-situ monitoring of urban environments. This system equips urban biological organisms -plants- with Artificial Intelligence (AI) to create a smart sensor for measuring both, environmental parameters and the responding physiological state of plants, in a very early stage by the use of a barely explored fluid, phloem sap, in combination with chemical, and physical sensors. It will be integrated into complex network that allows performing distributed information processing, decision making, modeling and data fitting, paving the way for the self-awareness or self-adaptation. Additionally, it will constitute a clean energy self-powered device due to the novel use of sap, not only for transforming plants into living sensors, but also for clean energy generation. A consortium of EU research, technology centers and ambitious high-tech SMEs will stretch and combine the limits of plant physiology and bioelectronics with microtechnology, multiphysics modelling, sensor engineering, AI and environmental modelling, to transform plant into living autonomous and self-powered sensors. The project has the ambition to solve how to extract sufficient sap volume in a healthy plant, how to make long-lasting bioelectronics, and how create a smart self-powered wearable phytosensor in a single device. It also has the challenge of modelling urban environments using novel combinations of exiting parameters and explores the future role of sap in this sense. Thus, it is a promising tool to carry out weather/pollution/pandemics development forecasting systems up to social networks for proving an ecological/environmental feedback to citizens. Thus it will be possible to perform specific actions and apply efficient use of resources and correct policies, which can have a great impact not only in urban monitoring but a huge range of plant-related sectors such as agro-food industry or forestry.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 101104028
    Overall Budget: 4,304,720 EURFunder Contribution: 4,304,710 EUR

    The core concept of the SALAMANDER project is to develop and integrate embedded sensors and self-healing functionality in Li-ion batteries (LIB) to enhance their quality, reliability, and lifetime. This is achieved by demonstrating “smart” aspects in the battery which analyze indicators of its own degradation and independently respond with external stimuli to trigger on-demand self-healing. To achieve this goal, the project proposes 3 types of sensors with 2 types of self-healing mechanisms to counteract the most threatening and damaging reactions that occur in a typical LIB. On the anode, a resistance sensor array will be printed onto its surface to sense the degree of electrode fracture in the silicon/carbon composite anode. The anode will be embedded with a self-healing polymer network which upon thermal activation helps re-bind the silicon nanoparticles. For the cathode, an electrochemical sensor array is printed onto the separator to sense the dissolution of Mn from the LiNiMnCoO2 (NMC) cathode. To prevent Mn ions from critically degrading the cell, the cathode will be embedded with heat-activated scavenging species which remove these ions. Lastly, an internal temperature sensor helps control the degree of thermal activation. In each degradation scenario, the sensors communicate with the battery management system (BMS), which uses a physics-based model to trigger controlled heating to activate self-healing. Additionally, a life cycle assessment will be conducted to validate the recyclability of the SALAMANDER battery and quantify how the environmental impact of manufacturing is offset by longer-lasting batteries. Thus, although the project’s technology is anticipated to be disruptive at the cell and BMS levels, its design would remain compatible with existing manufacturing and recycling processes. These outcomes thereby help meet the goal of BATTERY 2030+ for a competitive, sustainable European battery value chain and a more circular economy.

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