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4 Research products, page 1 of 1

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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nesheim, Ingrid; Sundnes, Frode; Enge, Caroline; Graversgaard, Morten; Brink, Cors van den; Farrow, Luke; Glavan, Matjaž; Hansen, Birgitte; Amorim Leitão, Inês; Rowbottom, Jenny; +1 more
    Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International - MDPI
    Country: Slovenia
    Project: EC | FAirWAY (727984)

    Solutions to current complex environmental challenges demand the consultation and involvement of various groups in society. In light of the WFD’s requirements of public participation, this paper presents an analysis of the establishment and development of nine different multi-actor platforms (MAPs) across Europe set up as arenas for long-term engagements to solve water quality challenges in relation to agriculture. The MAPs represent different histories and legacies of engagement some are recent initiatives and some are affiliated with previous government-initiated projects, while other MAPs are long-term engagement platforms. A case study approach rawing on insights from the nine engagement processes is used to discuss conditions for enabling long-term multi-actor engagement. The perceived pressure for change and preferred prioritization in complying with mitigating water quality problems vary within and among the MAPs. The results show that governmental and local actors’ concern for water quality improvements and focusing on pressure for change are important for establishing meaningful multi-actor engagement when concerns translate into a clear mandate of the MAP. Furthermore, the degree to which the MAPs have been able to establish relationships and networks with other institutions such as water companies, agricultural and environmental authorities, farmers, and civil society organizations influences possibilities for long-term meaningful engagement.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Peric, Tanja; Bergant, Martina; De Marco, Ario; Makorič, Petra;
    Country: Slovenia
    Project: EC | SusAn (696231)

    EcoLamb assesses the sustainability of diverse European sheep production systems focusing on the ecological footprint, animal welfare aspects and nutrition value of lamb meat. The outcomes of these assessments will be used to understand the potential future barriers that limit the innovative capacity and development of the sector and the opportunities that may provide a future market niche against competitive products from other global markets. Farm solutions that incorporate consumer expectations for animal welfare and meat quality will enhance the competitiveness of Europe's lamb meat sector. The project engages trans-national research and industry stakeholders from 6 countries made up of Germany, Italy, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and Turkey to analyse on 20 case study farms resource-efficient, competitive and low-carbon lamb production models. Direct linkage between animal welfare, meat quality and pharmaceutical use will also be determined using innovative Precision Farming techniques. The project will produce a toolbox of recommendations for productive sheep farm management, supply chain and marketing on how to improve the acceptability of lamb meat by consumers. Thus, the multidisciplinary approach and the multi-actor involvement of the EU sheep sector will assist in re-designing critical aspects to increase society acceptance and the place of lamb meat in future diets and the outcomes of the project will be used by stakeholders to promote changes in farm management, marketing and processing of meat from sheep. Additionally, results will be used by farm consultants, farmer groups and policy officers to re-design consulting approaches and plan new initiatives to make all aspects of the European sheep industry more sustainable.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2019
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Rosa García, Rocio; Peric, Tanja;
    Country: Slovenia
    Project: EC | SusAn (696231)

    We analysed the biodiversity of foliage arthropods in nine sheep grazed pasturelands in five European countries. During the maximum flowering period in 2018, entomofauna was collected in 4-6 areas within each pasture, performing 6 transects/area and 25 sweeps per transect. Multivariate analyses tested the differences in total arthropod community composition among degrees of intensification, bioregions and types of pastures. A total of 51,474 arthropods from 3 classes, 17 orders and 95 taxonomical groups were recorded. Univariate analyses revealed that total arthropod abundance was higher in extensive than in intensive systems (P<0.01). It also differed between bioregions (higher in Alpine than in Continental, P<0.05) and between types of pastures (higher in mountain than in lowland pastures where animals are supplemented, P<0.05). Total taxa richness was not influenced by any of the three factors. However, multivariate analyses indicated that community composition differed among intensive and extensive systems, bioregions and types of pastures (P<0.001). The greatest differences occurred between Alpine and Mediterranean (P<0.001), and Mediterranean and Continental pastures (P<0.05), as well as between lowland seminatural and improved pastures (P<0.05), and seminatural and mountain pastures (P<0.001). These results reveal the complex and varied communities associated to the diverse sheep systems and valorise the role of the more extensive, mountain and natural pastures for the conservation of biodiversity in sheep grazed areas. Nous avons analysé la biodiversité des arthropodes du feuillage dans neuf pâturages situés dans cinq pays européens et pâturés par des moutons. La faune a été collectée dans 4-6 zones de chaque pâturage, effectuant 6 transects/zone et 25 balayages/transect. 51 474 arthropodes de 3 classes, 17 ordres et 95 groupes taxonomiques ont été enregistrés. Des analyses univariées ont révélé que l’abondance d’arthropodes était plus élevée dans les systèmes extensifs que dans les intensifs (P<0,01). Il diffère également entre les biorégions (plus élevées dans les Alpes que dans les Continentales, P<0,05) et entre les types de pâturages (plus élevées dans les pâturages de montagne que dans les plaines où les animaux sont supplémentés, P<0,05). La richesse totale des taxons n’a pas été influencée par aucun des trois facteurs. Les analyses multivariées ont indiqué que la composition de la communauté différait entre les systèmes intensifs et extensifs, les biorégions et les types de pâturages (P<0,001). Les différences les plus marquées ont été observées entre les pâturages alpins et méditerranéens (P<0,001), méditerranéens et continentaux (P<0,05), ainsi qu’entre les pâturages semi-naturels et améliorés des plaines (P<0,05). Ces résultats révèlent les communautés complexes et variées associées aux divers systèmes ovins et valorisent le rôle des pâturages plus étendus, montagnards et naturels, pour la conservation de la biodiversité dans les zones de pâturage ovin.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Peric, Tanja; Bergant, Martina; De Marco, Ario; Makorič, Petra; Ogun, Sinan;
    Country: Slovenia
    Project: EC | SusAn (696231)

    EcoLamb assesses the sustainability of diverse European sheep production systems focusing on the ecological footprint, animal welfare aspects and nutrition value of lamb meat. The outcomes of these assessments will be used to understand the potential future barriers that limit the innovative capacity and development of the sector and the opportunities that may provide a future market niche against competitive products from other global markets. Farm solutions that incorporate consumer expectations for animal welfare and meat quality will enhance the competitiveness of Europe's lamb meat sector. The project engages trans-national research and industry stakeholders from 6 countries made up of Germany, Italy, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and Turkey to analyse on 20 case study farms resource-efficient, competitive and low-carbon lamb production models. Direct linkage between animal welfare, meat quality and pharmaceutical use will also be determined using innovative Precision Farming techniques. The project will produce a tool-box of recommendations for productive sheep farm management, supply chain and marketing on how to improve the acceptability of lamb meat by consumers. Thus, the multidisciplinary approach and the multi-actor involvement of the EU sheep sector will assist in re-designing critical aspects to increase society acceptance and the place of lamb meat in future diets and the outcomes of the project will be used by stakeholders to promote changes in farm management, marketing and processing of meat from sheep. Additionally, results will be used by farm consultants, farmer groups and policy officers to re-design consulting approaches and plan new initiatives to make all aspects of the European sheep industry more sustainable.