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  • Publication . Other literature type . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sclafani, Patricia; Cappelletto, Margherita; Barbanti, Andrea; Cadiou, Jean-francois; Chevalier-de Corbiac, Claudiane; Herrouin, Guy; Ruel, Colin; Ciappi, Elena;
    Country: France
    Project: EC | BLUEMED (727453)

    In the framework of the BLUEMED project, the coordination action supporting the development of the BLUEMED Research and Innovation Initiative for blue jobs and growth in the Mediterranean area (www.bluemed-initiative.eu/), an overview and analysis of funding schemes available at different levels, from national to European and international, has been carried out. This task is part of the activities devoted to strengthening cooperation to consolidate and implement the BLUEMED Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA). It complements the BLUEMED interconnecting Platforms developed by the four BLUEMED operational working groups on knowledge, economy, technology and policy, to update the SRIA and serves as reference tool in the process of developing an operational network of research funders and key players to favour synergies and coordinate the realization of the BLUEMED actions. This report can be considered a background document to initiate and facilitate dialogue and interaction between research funding agencies of different countries and European Institutions. Once the strategic alignment of agendas on areas of mutual interest has been identified, the aim is to lay the groundwork for operational alignment towards the launch of transnational actions. As a first step, a catalogue (Annex I and II) has been compiled for reviewing marine and maritime RTDI strategies. The collected information has been analysed to address opportunities of alignment for joint implementation of the BLUEMED SRIA (section 2) and finally provide a set of preliminary recommendations to develop the BLUEMED Implementation plan (section 3), one of the key deliverables of the project.

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Valentin Bellassen; Marion Drut; Federico Antonioli; Ružica Brečić; Michele Donati; Hugo Ferrer-Pérez; Lisa Gauvrit; Viet Hoang; Kamilla Knutsen Steinnes; Apichaya Lilavanichakul; +11 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Croatia, Netherlands, France
    Project: EC | Strength2Food (678024)

    Abstract The carbon and land footprint of 26 certified food products – geographical indications and organic products and their conventional references are assessed. This assessment goes beyond existing literature by (1) designing a calculation method fit for the comparison between certified food and conventional production, (2) using the same calculation method and parameters for 52 products – 26 Food Quality Schemes and their reference products – to allow for a meaningful comparison, (3) transparently documenting this calculation method and opening access to the detailed results and the underlying data, and (4) providing the first assessment of the carbon and land footprint of geographical indications. The method used is Life Cycle Assessment, largely relying on the Cool Farm Tool for the impact assessment. The most common indicator of climate impact, the carbon footprint expressed per ton of product, is not significantly different between certified foods and their reference products. The only exception to this pattern are vegetal organic products, whose carbon footprint is 16% lower. This is because the decrease in greenhouse gas emissions from the absence of mineral fertilizers is never fully offset by the associated lower yield. The climate impact of certified food per hectare is however 26% than their reference and their land footprint is logically 24% higher. Technical specifications directly or indirectly inducing a lower use of mineral fertilizers are a key driver of this pattern. So is yield, which depends both on terroir and farming practices. Overall, this assessment reinforces the quality policy of the European Union: promoting certified food is not inconsistent with mitigating climate change.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Konstantinos Hatzilyberis; Theopisti Lymperopoulou; Lamprini-Areti Tsakanika; Klaus-Michael Ochsenkühn; Paraskevas Georgiou; Nikolaos Defteraios; Fotios Tsopelas; Maria Ochsenkühn-Petropoulou;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Project: EC | SCALE (730105), EC | SCALE (730105)

    Aiming at the industrial scale development of a Scandium (Sc)-selective leaching process of Bauxite Residue (BR), a set of process design aspects has been investigated. The interpretation of experimental data for Sc leaching yield, with sulfuric acid as the leaching solvent, has shown significant impact from acid feed concentration, mixing time, liquid to solids ratio (L/S), and number of cycles of leachate re-usage onto fresh BR. The thin film diffusion model, as the fundamental theory for leaching, either with constant particle size for selective leaching, or with shrinking particle size for less- or non-selective leaching, interprets the relevant experimental data. In both cases, a concept for an unyielding core supplements the basic model. Especially for the selective leaching mild conditions, the simplest model version agrees with the experiments, since both prove 1st order kinetics, while for extreme conditions, a combined conversion rate model with diffusion and chemical reaction inside particles is proposed. The maximization of Sc recovery per unit of consumed solvent emerged as highly critical for the process economics.

  • English
    Authors: 
    de Oliveira , Daniel P. S.; Gonzalez, F. Javier; Wittenberg , Antje;
    Publisher: Deutsche Geologische Gesellschaft - Geologische Vereinigung e.V. (DGGV)
    Project: EC | GeoERA (731166)

    (1)Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (LNEG), Portugal; (2) Instituto Geológico y Minero de España; (3) Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources; Critical raw materials (CRM) made it back on the EU Commission’s (EC) agenda in 2008. To date three CRM lists have been published (2011, 2014, 2017) and a new list advised for 2020. Invited experts also from National Geological Surveys added their expertise to determine the lists underpinned by projects (e.g. ERECON, EURare) and financial efforts. EU’s Green Deal affirms this manifest of the importance that these materials have in our daily lives.

  • Publication . Project deliverable . Other literature type . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Balázs, Bálint; Kelemen, Eszter; Centofanti, Tiziana; Vasconcelos, Marta; Maaß, Henrik; Kolmans, Alicia; Squire, Geoff; Tran, Fanny; Bienkowski, Damian; Iannetta, Pete;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | true (727973), EC | true (727973)

    This Deliverable presents the result from the application of a policy Delphi and highlights how experts assess the potential of governance contexts that may favour the realisation of legume-supported value chains.

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Amalie Dualeh; Thomas Moehl; Mohammad Khaja Nazeeruddin; Michael Grätzel;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)
    Country: Switzerland
    Project: EC | SANS (246124), EC | ORION (229036), EC | MESOLIGHT (247404)

    The internal transport and recombination parameters of solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (ssDSCs) using the amorphous organic semiconductor 2,2',7,7'-tetrakis(N,N-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)-9,9'-spirobtfluorene (spiro-MeOTAD) as a hole transport material (HTM) are investigated using electrical impedance spectroscopy. Devices were fabricated using flat and nanostructured TiO2 and compared to systems using nanostructured ZrO2 to differentiate between the transport processes within the different components of the ssDSC. The effect of chemically p-doping the HIM on its transport was investigated, and its temperature dependence was examined and analyzed using the Arrhenius equation. Using this approach the activation energy of the hole hopping transport within the undoped spiro-MeOTAD film was determined to be 0.34 +/- 0.02 and 0.40 +/- 0.02 eV for the mesoporous TiO2 and ZrO2 systems, respectively.

  • Authors: 
    Zaenal Akbar; Elias Kärle; Oleksandra Panasiuk; Umutcan Şimşek; Ioan Toma; Dieter Fensel;
    Project: EC | EuTravel (636148)
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Hrvoje Dorotić; Tomislav Novosel; Neven Duić; Tomislav Pukšec;
    Publisher: EDP Sciences
    Country: Croatia
    Project: EC | Planheat (723757), EC | CoolHeating (691679)

    Highly efficient cogeneration and district heating systems have a significant potential for primary energy savings and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions through the utilization of a waste heat and renewable energy sources. These potentials are still highly underutilized in most European countries. They also play a key role in the planning of future energy systems due to their positive impact on the increase of integration of intermittent renewable energy sources, for example wind and solar in a combination with power to heat technologies. In order to ensure optimal levels of district heating penetration into an energy system, a comprehensive analysis is necessary to determine the actual demands and the potential energy supply. Economical analysis of the grid expansion by using the GIS based mapping methods hasn’t been demonstrated so far. This paper presents a heat demand mapping methodology and the use of its output for the district heating network expansion analysis. The result are showing that more than 59% of the heat demand could be covered by the district heating in the city of Velika Gorica, which is two times more than the present share. The most important reason of the district heating's unfulfilled potential is already existing natural gas infrastructure.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Luc Barbaro; Eric Allan; Evy Ampoorter; Bastien Castagneyrol; Yohan Charbonnier; Hans De Wandeler; Christian Kerbiriou; Harriet Milligan; Aude Vialatte; Monique Carnol; +9 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Belgium, Belgium, France
    Project: EC | FUNDIVEUROPE (265171), EC | FUNDIVEUROPE (265171)

    Bats and birds are key providers of ecosystem services in forests. How climate and habitat jointly shape their communities is well studied, but whether biotic predictors from other trophic levels may improve bird and bat diversity models is less known, especially across large bioclimatic gradients. Here, we achieved multi-taxa surveys in 209 mature forests replicated in six European countries from Spain to Finland, to investigate the importance of biotic predictors (i.e. the abundance or activity of defoliating insects, spiders, earthworms and wild ungulates) for bat and bird taxonomic and functional diversity. We found that nine out of 12 bird and bat diversity metrics were best explained when biotic factors were added to models including climate and habitat variables, with a mean gain in explained variance of 38 for birds and 15 for bats. Tree functional diversity was the most important habitat predictor for birds, while bats responded more to understorey structure. The best biotic predictors for birds were spider abundance and defoliating insect activity, while only bat functional evenness responded positively to insect herbivory. Accounting for potential biotic interactions between bats, birds and other taxa of lower trophic levels will help to understand how environmental changes along large biogeographical gradients affect higher-level predator diversity in forest ecosystems. FunDiv EUROPE

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Visentin, Ivan; Deva, Eleonora; Savvas, Dimitrios; Kalozoumis, Panagiotis; Vovk, Arina; Jeroni Galmes;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | TomRes (727929), EC | TomRes (727929)

    Report covering the effects of different biostimulants on tomato crops and their potential to improve water and nutrient use efficiency enhancing marketable yield.