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  • SDSN - Greece
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  • Open Access English
    Amparo Picard-Sánchez; Itziar Estensoro; Raquel del Pozo; Oswaldo Palenzuela; M. C. Piazzon; Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla;
    Country: Spain
    Project: EC | ParaFishControl (634429), EC | ParaFishControl (634429)

    Enteromyxum leei is a myxozoan histozoic parasite that infects the intestine of several teleost fish species. In gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata), it provokes a chronic disease, entailing anorexia, delayed growth, reduced marketability and mortality. Direct fish‐to‐fish transmission, relevant in aquaculture conditions, has been demonstrated for E. leei via effluent, cohabitation, and oral and anal routes. However, the minimum time of exposure for infection has not been established, nor the possible effect on the fish immune response. Two effluent trials were performed at different temperatures (high: average of 25.6°C; and low: constant at 18°C), different times of exposure to the effluent (1, 3, 5 and 7 weeks) and different population densities. The results showed that 1 week was enough to infect 100% of fish at high temperature and 58.3% at low temperature. High temperature not only increased the prevalence of infection in posterior intestine, but also induced a higher production of specific antibodies, limiting the progression of the infection along the intestine. Longer time of exposure to the parasite and higher fish densities facilitated E. leei infection. These results show that effective diagnosis, lowering animal density and removal of infected fish are key aspects to manage this disease in aquaculture facilities. This work has been carried out with financial support from the European Commission, Horizon 2020 Framework Programme H2020, Societal Challenges under grant agreement 634429 (ParaFishControl). This publication reflects only the authors' view, and the European Union cannot be held responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein. IE was contracted under APOSTD/2016/037 grant by the “Generalitat Valenciana,” and MCP, under Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas CSIC PIE project no. 201740E013. Peer reviewed

  • Closed Access English
    Hiroshi Ishida; Lars Golmen; Julia M. West; Martin Krüger; P. Coombs; John Arthur Berge; Tastuo Fukuhara; Michimasa Magi; Jun Kita;
    Project: EC | CGS EUROPE (256725)

    Carbon capture and storage (CCS) methods, either sub-seabed or in ocean depths, introduces risk of CO2 leakage and subsequent interaction with the ecosystem. It is therefore important to obtain information on possible effects of CO2. In situ CO2 exposure experiments were carried out twice for 10 days during 2005 using a Benthic Chamber system at 400 m depth in Storfjorden, Norway. pCO2 in the water above the sediment in the chambers was controlled at approximately 500, 5000 and 20,000 μatm, respectively. This article describes the experiment and the results from measured the biological responses within the chamber sediments. The results show effects of elevated CO2 concentrations on biological processes such as increased nanobenthos density. Methane production and sulphate reduction was enhanced in the approximately 5000 μatm chamber.

  • Publication . Project deliverable
    Open Access
    Project: EC | AEOLIX (690797)

    The AEOLIX Collaborative Business Partnership Report describes the confirmed set of logistics partners and official agencies that will collaborate to improve supply chain performance across specified corridors.

  • Publication . Conference object . Article . 2021
    Open Access English
    Pari, L.; Alfano, V.; Suardi, A.; Bergonzoli, S.; Stefanoni, W.; Sandu Lazar; Latterini, F.; Attolico, C.; Palmieri, N.; Mattei, P.;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | AGROinLOG (727961), EC | AGROinLOG (727961)

    This work has been developed under the AGROinLOG Project, “Demonstration of innovative integrated biomass logistics centres for the Agro-industry sector in Europe”. An Integrated Biomass Logistics Center (IBLC), is based on the introduction of new production chains into existing agro-industries by using new biomass feedstock. The AGROinLOG Project has dedicated great attention to investigate the potential of cereal chaff as a valuable resource.Chaff is the fine fraction of the thrashing residues, not usually collected. Chaff is made up of glumes, seed husks, rachis and the tinner part of the cereal stems, whole and cracked kernels, as well as weed seeds.Currently there are several mechanical solutions available on the market for chaff recovery, and others are still at prototype stage, but theyare not so common and very often unknown to the farmers.So far, the literature reportsfew cases of chaff collection with the specific purpose of weed seeds removal, but it still lacks specificexperiments on these machinesintentionally used for biomass collection.For this reason, during the Project AGROinLOG a series of large field tests were performed using an independent scientific approach with different kind of chaff harvesting technologiesin France, Sweden and Italy from 2017 to 2019.The present study collects the results of these activities with the aim to fill that gap and provide deeper understanding in the possibility to enhance the current cereal harvesting method, in order to improve the quantity of biomass collected by including the chaff. Proceedings of the 29th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, 26-29 April 2021, Online, pp. 62-68

  • Open Access
    Project: EC | SET-Nav (691843)

    “Issue paper”: brief overview of state of the art of the theme, to be made available at the workshops; “Proceedings”: brief overview of lessons learnt at the workshops; One discussion paper or a collection of discussion papers related to the specific workshop topic; if a theme permits to collect a series of discussion papers by the workshop participants, they will be submitted as Special Issue/Special Section to a field journal (e.g. The Energy Journal, Energy Policy). This deliverable is associated with task 10.1.

  • Open Access English
    Sam Nooij; Sam Nooij; Dennis Schmitz; Dennis Schmitz; Harry Vennema; Annelies Kroneman; Marion P. G. Koopmans; Marion P. G. Koopmans;
    Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
    Country: Netherlands
    Project: EC | COMPARE (643476), EC | VIROGENESIS (634650), EC | COMPARE (643476), EC | VIROGENESIS (634650)

    Metagenomics poses opportunities for clinical and public health virology applications by offering a way to assess complete taxonomic composition of a clinical sample in an unbiased way. However, the techniques required are complicated and analysis standards have yet to develop. This, together with the wealth of different tools and workflows that have been proposed, poses a barrier for new users. We evaluated 49 published computational classification workflows for virus metagenomics in a literature review. To this end, we described the methods of existing workflows by breaking them up into five general steps and assessed their ease-of-use and validation experiments. Performance scores of previous benchmarks were summarized and correlations between methods and performance were investigated. We indicate the potential suitability of the different workflows for (1) time-constrained diagnostics, (2) surveillance and outbreak source tracing, (3) detection of remote homologies (discovery), and (4) biodiversity studies. We provide two decision trees for virologists to help select a workflow for medical or biodiversity studies, as well as directions for future developments in clinical viral metagenomics.

  • Publication . Project deliverable
    Open Access
    Project: EC | SUNRISE (723365)

    """TUW will compile an orientation handbook about the aims, strength, costs and support contexts of Neighbourhood Mobility Labs (NMLs) in the form of D2.2, the """"Handbook on Neighbourhood Mobility Labs in practice"""""""

  • Open Access Spanish; Castilian
    Díaz-Hormazábal, Ignacio; González, Mauro E;
    Publisher: Universidad Austral de Chile, Facultad de Ciencias Forestales y Recursos Naturales.

    En las últimas décadas, los incendios forestales han sido una preocupación en distintas regiones del mundo, especialmente, por el incremento en su ocurrencia producto de actividades humanas y cambios en el clima. En este estudio se examinaron las tendencias espacio-temporales en la ocurrencia y superficie afectada por incendios en la región del Maule durante el período 1986-2012. Se utilizó la base de datos de incendios de la Corporación Nacional Forestal, cuyos registros fueron representados espacialmente mediante una grilla de 2x2 km. La ocurrencia se mantuvo estable durante el periodo analizado con un promedio de 378 eventos por año. La superficie quemada presentó tres periodos por sobre el promedio de 5.273 hectáreas al año. La mayor parte de los incendios afectó superficies < 5 ha, mientras que un número muy pequeño de eventos explicaron la mayor parte del área quemada anualmente en la región. Según el combustible de inicio, aumentaron aquellos eventos iniciados en plantaciones forestales y disminuyeron aquellos originados en bosque nativo. Las causas de incendios asociadas al tránsito y al transporte resultaron ser las más importantes. El número de eventos causados accidentalmente por quema de desechos aumentó significativamente en el periodo estudiado. La mayor parte de los incendios se localiza en la zona costera y en el llano central, fuertemente asociados a la red vial y a las ciudades más pobladas. Este trabajo es una contribución a la caracterización de los incendios forestales en la región del Maule, representando las estadísticas de incendios de forma espacialmente explícita. In the last decades, forest fires have been a concern in different regions of the world, especially by increased occurrences product of human activities and climate changes. In this study the spatio-temporal trends in the occurrence and area affected by fire in the Maule region during the period 1986-2012 were examined. We use the Corporación Nacional Forestal fire database, whose records were spatially represented by a grid of 2x2 km. The occurrence was stable during the analyzed period with an average of 378 events per year. The burned area presented three periods above average with 5.273 hectares per year. Most of the fires affected surfaces of less than 5 hectares, while a very small number of events explain most of the area annually burned in the region. According to the startup fuel, we found an increasing number of events initiated in forest plantations in contrast to the decreasing number of fires originated in the native forests. Causes of fires associated with transit and transportation were the most important. The number of events accidentally caused by burning waste signiicantly increased in the period studied. Most of the ires occurred in the coastal area and the central valley, strongly associated with the road network and the most populated cities. This work represents an important contribution to the characterization of forest ires in the region of Maule, being the irst to represent the ire statistics in Chile in a spatially explicit way.

  • Publication . Project deliverable
    Open Access
    Project: EC | BECOOL (744821)

    It refers to task 6.1. Update of D6.1

  • Publication . Other literature type . 2018
    Open Access English
    Sclafani, Patricia; Cappelletto, Margherita; Barbanti, Andrea; Cadiou, Jean-francois; Chevalier-de Corbiac, Claudiane; Herrouin, Guy; Ruel, Colin; Ciappi, Elena;
    Country: France
    Project: EC | BLUEMED (727453)

    In the framework of the BLUEMED project, the coordination action supporting the development of the BLUEMED Research and Innovation Initiative for blue jobs and growth in the Mediterranean area (, an overview and analysis of funding schemes available at different levels, from national to European and international, has been carried out. This task is part of the activities devoted to strengthening cooperation to consolidate and implement the BLUEMED Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA). It complements the BLUEMED interconnecting Platforms developed by the four BLUEMED operational working groups on knowledge, economy, technology and policy, to update the SRIA and serves as reference tool in the process of developing an operational network of research funders and key players to favour synergies and coordinate the realization of the BLUEMED actions. This report can be considered a background document to initiate and facilitate dialogue and interaction between research funding agencies of different countries and European Institutions. Once the strategic alignment of agendas on areas of mutual interest has been identified, the aim is to lay the groundwork for operational alignment towards the launch of transnational actions. As a first step, a catalogue (Annex I and II) has been compiled for reviewing marine and maritime RTDI strategies. The collected information has been analysed to address opportunities of alignment for joint implementation of the BLUEMED SRIA (section 2) and finally provide a set of preliminary recommendations to develop the BLUEMED Implementation plan (section 3), one of the key deliverables of the project.