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301 Research products

  • SDSN - Greece
  • 2014-2023
  • European Commission
  • EU
  • English
  • Mémoires en Sciences de l'Information et de la Communication
  • Hal-Diderot
  • HAL Descartes
  • Hyper Article en Ligne - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Olioso, Albert; GALLEGO-ELVIRA, Belen; Bahir, Malik; Boulet, Gilles; +3 Authors

    Olioso A., Gallego-Elvira B., Bahir M., Boulet G., Weiss M., Mira M., Castillo-Reyes S., 2015. EVASPA : EVapotranspiration Assessment from SPAce. Workshop modélisation de surface, 30 nov-1 dec 2015, CESBIO (salle de conférence du CESBIO), Toulouse. [Présentation orale par A. Olioso].; National audience

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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    ProdInra
    Research . 2015
    License: CC BY SA
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      Research . 2015
      License: CC BY SA
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  • Authors: Roglic, Marija;
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Xavier, Mesmin; Marguerite, Chartois; Jean-Pierre, Rossi; Jean-Yves, Rasplus; +1 Authors

    In Europe, many potential and confirmed vectors of Xylella fastidiosa (Xf) are polyphagous but appear to aggregate on their preferred host plants at local scales. For example, Philaenus spumarius is found most often on Asteraceae on the Californian coast, or on Apiaceae and Rubiaceae in the meadows of central Italy. However, vectors keep the ability to exploit multiple host-plants, which can be crucial in primary Xf transmission to crops. In this study, we assessed the habitat preferences of spittlebugs on and in the vicinity of Corsican clementine and olive groves, focusing on four habitats: Cistus monspeliensis border, Dittrichia viscosa cover, crop foliage and grove ground vegetation. Spittlebug abundance was assessed three times a year during two years on five to nine clementine and olive organic groves. Nymph and adult abundances were quantified based on spittle mass counts and nymph identification in April and sweep net sampling in June and October. Habitat preferences were inferred based on generalized linear mixed models. Overall, 6647 spittle masses and 1714 adults belonging to four species were found. Philaenus spumarius had a significant preference for Cistus monspeliensis, and to a lesser extent for Dittrichia viscosa. Neophilaenus campestris mostly occurred on ground vegetation of the grove and on Dittrichia viscosa. Lepyronia coleoptrata was less abundant on crop foliage than on ground vegetation and Aphrophora alni showed an even abundance in all habitats. This study demonstrates the specialization of P. spumarius on C. monspeliensis in the diversified Corsican landscape as well as strong habitat preferences for N. campestris. All recorded species were able to colonize clementine or olive foliage, but rarely, and in similar abundancies for all species. Should they be proven equivalent effective vectors, this suggests similar roles of these four species in Xf transmission to crops. FR; PPT; xavier.mesmin@inrae.fr

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    ZENODO
    Conference object . 2021
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Datacite
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    ZENODO
    Other literature type . Article . 2021
    License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ZENODOarrow_drop_down
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      ZENODO
      Conference object . 2021
      License: CC BY
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      ZENODO
      Other literature type . Article . 2021
      License: CC BY
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Allal, François; Ferrari, Sébastien; Horri, Khaled; Vidal, Marie-Odile; +4 Authors

    International audience

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    ProdInra
    Conference object . 2017
    License: CC BY SA
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      Conference object . 2017
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    Authors: Malak-Rawlikowska, Agatha; Majewski, Edward; A., Wąs; M., Gołaś; +21 Authors

    The main objective of this report is to assess the economic, social and environmental impacts of Short Food Supply Chains (SFSC) on rural territories.The first observation concerns the fact that individual producers participate simultaneously in several, short and long chains. This creates a dimension for hybridity – whereby producers participate in a mix of supply chains, combining different production methods and distribution paths. The study confirms that participation in SFSC is beneficial for producers from a strictly economic perspective. Short chains provide a relatively high Price Premium since they allow to capture a large proportion of margin, otherwise realized by different intermediaries. Producers’ self-evaluation of different chains and their bargaining power within different channels were examined in the context of the social sustainability dimension. The results suggest that short chains appear to perform noticeably better compared to longer chains. Moreover, SFSC seem to promote gender balance due to greater employment of women in the preparation of sales and sales activities in contrast to long chains, where the role of women in distribution is rather limited. Taking into account both economic and social advantages, the evidence suggests that SFSC may be particularly advantageous for small and medium scale producers who may have often a difficulty accessing long, conventional food chains otherwise.

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    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2019
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  • Authors: Talbot, Rachel; Aigner-Breuss, Eva; Kaiser, Susanne; Alfonsi, Raffaele; +21 Authors

    Safety CaUsation, Benefits and Efficiency (SafetyCube) is a European Commission supported Horizon 2020 project with the objective of developing an innovative road safety Decision Support System (DSS). The DSS will enable policy-makers and stakeholders to select and implement the most appropriate strategies, measures, and cost-effective approaches to reduce casualties of all road user types and all severities. This document is the first deliverable (4.1) of work package 4 which is dedicated to identifying and assessing human related risk factors and corresponding countermeasures as well as their effect on road safety. The focus of deliverable 4.1 is on identification and assessment of risk factors and describes the corresponding operational procedure and corresponding outcomes. The following steps have been carried out: Identification of human related risk factors - creation of a taxonomy, Consultation of relevant stakeholders and policy papers for identification of topic with high, priority ('hot topics'), Systematic literature search and selection of relevant studies on identified risk factors, Coding of studies, Analysis of risk factors on basis of coded studies, Synopses of risk factors, including accident scenarios, The core output of this task are synopses of risk factors which will be available through the DSS. Within the synopses, each risk factor was analysed systematically on basis of scientific studies and is, further assigned to one of four levels of risk (marked with a colour code). Essential information of the more than 180 included studies were coded and will also be available in the database of the DSS. Furthermore, the synopses contain theoretical background on the risk factor and are prepared in different sections with different levels of detail for an academic as well as a non-academic audience. These sections are readable independently.It is important to note that the relationship between road safety and road user related risk factors is a difficult task. For some risk factors the available studies focused more on conditions of the behaviour (in which situations the behaviour is shown or which groups are more likely to show this behaviour) rather than the risk factor itself. Therefore, it cannot be concluded that those risk factors that have not often been studied or have to rely more indirect and arguably weaker methodologies, e.g. self-reports , do not increase the chance of a crash occurring.The following analysed risk factors were assessed as 'risky', 'probably risky' or 'unclear'. No risk factors were identified as 'probably not risky'.

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    Authors: Theurl, Michaela Clarissa; Haberl, Helmut; Erb, Karl-Heinz; Lindenthal, Thomas;

    International audience; Transport from regional production requires less fossil fuel and thus produces lower greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, policies fostering the production of regional goods support rural development. Tomato consumption has increased fast in Europe over the last decade. Intensive production techniques such as heated greenhouses and long-distance transport overcome seasonal constraints in order to provide year-round fresh goods. However, studies that evaluate seasonal and off-season production are scarce. Here, we analyzed the carbon footprint of tomato production systems in Austria, Spain, and Italy using a life cycle approach. We collected data from four main supply chains ending at the point of sale in an average Austrian supermarket. We aimed to identify hotspots of greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural production, heating, packaging, processing, and transport. Our results show that imported tomatoes from Spain and Italy have two times lower greenhouse gas emissions than those produced in Austria in capital-intensive heated systems. On the contrary, tomatoes from Spain and Italy were found to have 3.7 to 4.7 times higher greenhouse gas emissions in comparison to less-intensive organic production systems in Austria. Therefore, greenhouse gas emissions from tomato production highly depend on the production system such as the prevalence or absence of heating.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Agronomy for Sustain...arrow_drop_down
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    Hal-Diderot
    Article . 2014
    Data sources: Hal-Diderot
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    Authors: Vrac, Mathieu; Thao, Soulivanh;

    Over the last few years, multivariate bias correction methods have been developed to adjust spatial and/or inter-variable dependence properties of climate simulations. Most of them do not correct – and sometimes even degrade – the associated temporal features. Here, we propose a multivariate method to adjust the spatial and/or inter-variable properties while also accounting for the temporal dependence, such as autocorrelations. Our method consists in an extension of a previously developed approach that relies on an analogue-based method applied to the ranks of the time series to be corrected, rather than applied to their ``raw’’ values. Several configurations are tested and compared on daily temperature and precipitation simulations over Europe from one Earth System Model. Those differ by the conditioning information used to compute the analogues, and can include multiple variables at each given time, a univariate variable lagged over several time steps, or both – multiple variables lagged over time steps. Compared to the initial approach, results of the multivariate corrections show that, while the spatial and inter-variable correlations are still satisfactorily corrected even when increasing the dimension of the conditioning, the temporal autocorrelations are improved with some of the tested configurations of this extension. A major result is also that the choice of the information to condition the analogues is key since it partially drives the capability of the proposed method to reconstruct proper multivariate dependencies.

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    Hal-Diderot
    Article . 2020
    Data sources: Hal-Diderot
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      Hal-Diderot
      Article . 2020
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    Authors: Leman-Loubière, Charlotte; Le Goff, Géraldine; Debitus, Cécile; Ouazzani, Jamal;

    International audience; Four new sporochartines B-E were isolated from the marine fungus Hypoxylon monticulosum CLL-205, isolated from a sponge belonging to the Sphaerocladina order and collected in Tahiti coast. Sporochartine A (1), the first representative of this family was previously isolated from the same fungus. The structures of sporochartines B-E were elucidated using 1D and 2D NMR, HRMS and IR data. Their configurations were established according to ROE correlations and comparison with the absolute configuration of sporochartine A (1) previously obtained from X-ray analysis. Sporochartines A-D (2-4) may be derived from endo Diels-Alderase type catalysis and sporochartine E (5) from an exo Diels-Alderase catalysis. The spatial conformation of sporochartines drastically influences the results of the cytotoxic bioassay against HCT-116, PC-3 and MCF-7 human cancer cell lines.

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    Horizon / Pleins textes
    Other literature type . 2017
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    Hal-Diderot
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: Hal-Diderot
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      Horizon / Pleins textes
      Other literature type . 2017
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      Hal-Diderot
      Article . 2017
      Data sources: Hal-Diderot
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    Authors: Tittensor, Derek P.; Eddy, Tyler D.; Lotze, Heike K.; Galbraith, Eric D.; +33 Authors

    International audience; Model intercomparison studies in the climate and Earth sciences communities have been crucial to building credibility and coherence for future projections. They have quantified variability among models, spurred model development , contrasted within-and among-model uncertainty, assessed model fits to historical data, and provided ensemble projections of future change under specified scenarios. Given the speed and magnitude of anthropogenic change in the marine environment and the consequent effects on food security, biodiversity, marine industries, and society, the time is ripe for similar comparisons among models of fisheries and marine ecosystems. Here, we describe the Fisheries and Marine Ecosystem Model Intercomparison Project protocol version 1.0 (Fish-MIP v1.0), part of the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP), which is a cross-sectoral network of climate impact modellers. Given the complexity of the marine ecosystem, this class of models has substantial heterogeneity of purpose, scope, theoretical underpinning , processes considered, parameterizations, resolution (grain size), and spatial extent. This heterogeneity reflects the lack of a unified understanding of the marine ecosystem and implies that the assemblage of all models is more likely to include a greater number of relevant processes than any single model. The current Fish-MIP protocol is designed to allow these heterogeneous models to be forced with common Earth System Model (ESM) Coupled Model Intercompari-son Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) outputs under prescribed scenarios for historic (from the 1950s) and future (to 2100) time periods; it will be adapted to CMIP phase 6 (CMIP6) in future iterations. It also describes a standardized set of outputs for each participating Fish-MIP model to produce. This enables the broad characterization of differences between and uncertainties within models and projections when assessing climate and fisheries impacts on marine ecosystems and the services they provide. The systematic generation, collation, and comparison of results from Fish-MIP will inform an understanding of the range of plausible changes in marine ecosystems and improve our capacity to define and convey the strengths and weaknesses of model-based advice on future states of marine ecosystems and fisheries. Ultimately, Fish-MIP represents a step towards bringing together the marine ecosystem modelling community to produce consistent ensemble medium-and long-term projections of marine ecosystems.

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    Geoscientific Model Development
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    Horizon / Pleins textes
    Other literature type . 2018
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    Hal-Diderot
    Article . 2018
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      Geoscientific Model Development
      Article
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Sygma
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      Horizon / Pleins textes
      Other literature type . 2018
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      Hal-Diderot
      Article . 2018
      Data sources: Hal-Diderot
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301 Research products
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Olioso, Albert; GALLEGO-ELVIRA, Belen; Bahir, Malik; Boulet, Gilles; +3 Authors

    Olioso A., Gallego-Elvira B., Bahir M., Boulet G., Weiss M., Mira M., Castillo-Reyes S., 2015. EVASPA : EVapotranspiration Assessment from SPAce. Workshop modélisation de surface, 30 nov-1 dec 2015, CESBIO (salle de conférence du CESBIO), Toulouse. [Présentation orale par A. Olioso].; National audience

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    ProdInra
    Research . 2015
    License: CC BY SA
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      ProdInra
      Research . 2015
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  • Authors: Roglic, Marija;
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    Authors: Xavier, Mesmin; Marguerite, Chartois; Jean-Pierre, Rossi; Jean-Yves, Rasplus; +1 Authors

    In Europe, many potential and confirmed vectors of Xylella fastidiosa (Xf) are polyphagous but appear to aggregate on their preferred host plants at local scales. For example, Philaenus spumarius is found most often on Asteraceae on the Californian coast, or on Apiaceae and Rubiaceae in the meadows of central Italy. However, vectors keep the ability to exploit multiple host-plants, which can be crucial in primary Xf transmission to crops. In this study, we assessed the habitat preferences of spittlebugs on and in the vicinity of Corsican clementine and olive groves, focusing on four habitats: Cistus monspeliensis border, Dittrichia viscosa cover, crop foliage and grove ground vegetation. Spittlebug abundance was assessed three times a year during two years on five to nine clementine and olive organic groves. Nymph and adult abundances were quantified based on spittle mass counts and nymph identification in April and sweep net sampling in June and October. Habitat preferences were inferred based on generalized linear mixed models. Overall, 6647 spittle masses and 1714 adults belonging to four species were found. Philaenus spumarius had a significant preference for Cistus monspeliensis, and to a lesser extent for Dittrichia viscosa. Neophilaenus campestris mostly occurred on ground vegetation of the grove and on Dittrichia viscosa. Lepyronia coleoptrata was less abundant on crop foliage than on ground vegetation and Aphrophora alni showed an even abundance in all habitats. This study demonstrates the specialization of P. spumarius on C. monspeliensis in the diversified Corsican landscape as well as strong habitat preferences for N. campestris. All recorded species were able to colonize clementine or olive foliage, but rarely, and in similar abundancies for all species. Should they be proven equivalent effective vectors, this suggests similar roles of these four species in Xf transmission to crops. FR; PPT; xavier.mesmin@inrae.fr

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    ZENODO
    Conference object . 2021
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    ZENODO
    Other literature type . Article . 2021
    License: CC BY
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      ZENODO
      Other literature type . Article . 2021
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Allal, François; Ferrari, Sébastien; Horri, Khaled; Vidal, Marie-Odile; +4 Authors

    International audience

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    ProdInra
    Conference object . 2017
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    Authors: Malak-Rawlikowska, Agatha; Majewski, Edward; A., Wąs; M., Gołaś; +21 Authors

    The main objective of this report is to assess the economic, social and environmental impacts of Short Food Supply Chains (SFSC) on rural territories.The first observation concerns the fact that individual producers participate simultaneously in several, short and long chains. This creates a dimension for hybridity – whereby producers participate in a mix of supply chains, combining different production methods and distribution paths. The study confirms that participation in SFSC is beneficial for producers from a strictly economic perspective. Short chains provide a relatively high Price Premium since they allow to capture a large proportion of margin, otherwise realized by different intermediaries. Producers’ self-evaluation of different chains and their bargaining power within different channels were examined in the context of the social sustainability dimension. The results suggest that short chains appear to perform noticeably better compared to longer chains. Moreover, SFSC seem to promote gender balance due to greater employment of women in the preparation of sales and sales activities in contrast to long chains, where the role of women in distribution is rather limited. Taking into account both economic and social advantages, the evidence suggests that SFSC may be particularly advantageous for small and medium scale producers who may have often a difficulty accessing long, conventional food chains otherwise.

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    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2019
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  • Authors: Talbot, Rachel; Aigner-Breuss, Eva; Kaiser, Susanne; Alfonsi, Raffaele; +21 Authors

    Safety CaUsation, Benefits and Efficiency (SafetyCube) is a European Commission supported Horizon 2020 project with the objective of developing an innovative road safety Decision Support System (DSS). The DSS will enable policy-makers and stakeholders to select and implement the most appropriate strategies, measures, and cost-effective approaches to reduce casualties of all road user types and all severities. This document is the first deliverable (4.1) of work package 4 which is dedicated to identifying and assessing human related risk factors and corresponding countermeasures as well as their effect on road safety. The focus of deliverable 4.1 is on identification and assessment of risk factors and describes the corresponding operational procedure and corresponding outcomes. The following steps have been carried out: Identification of human related risk factors - creation of a taxonomy, Consultation of relevant stakeholders and policy papers for identification of topic with high, priority ('hot topics'), Systematic literature search and selection of relevant studies on identified risk factors, Coding of studies, Analysis of risk factors on basis of coded studies, Synopses of risk factors, including accident scenarios, The core output of this task are synopses of risk factors which will be available through the DSS. Within the synopses, each risk factor was analysed systematically on basis of scientific studies and is, further assigned to one of four levels of risk (marked with a colour code). Essential information of the more than 180 included studies were coded and will also be available in the database of the DSS. Furthermore, the synopses contain theoretical background on the risk factor and are prepared in different sections with different levels of detail for an academic as well as a non-academic audience. These sections are readable independently.It is important to note that the relationship between road safety and road user related risk factors is a difficult task. For some risk factors the available studies focused more on conditions of the behaviour (in which situations the behaviour is shown or which groups are more likely to show this behaviour) rather than the risk factor itself. Therefore, it cannot be concluded that those risk factors that have not often been studied or have to rely more indirect and arguably weaker methodologies, e.g. self-reports , do not increase the chance of a crash occurring.The following analysed risk factors were assessed as 'risky', 'probably risky' or 'unclear'. No risk factors were identified as 'probably not risky'.